Janka Hardness Scale

The Janka hardness test is a measurement of the force necessary to embed a .444-inch steel ball to half its diameter in wood. It is a flooring industry standard for gauging the ability of various species to tolerate denting and normal wear, as well as being a good indication of the effort required to either nail or saw the particular wood.

Please note that this is just a partial list containing some of the most popular choices for woods we work with.


Wood SpeciesHardness
Hard Maple / Sugar Maple1450
Coffee Bean1390
White Oak1360
Ash (White)1320
Red Oak (Northern)1290
Heart Pine1225
Black Walnut1010
Black Cherry950
Paper Birch910
Southern Yellow Pine (Longleaf)870
Southern Yellow Pine (Loblolly and Shortleaf)690
Douglas Fir660
White Pine420
Eastern White Pine380


Services We Provide

We are a "full service" shop and can do all of the steps to turn your logs into lumber and beyond.
  • Sawing
    Start the process with custom sawing.
  • Kiln Drying
    Next the wood needs to be dried.
  • Hardwood Sales
    We mostly work in oak, walnut, ash, and maple.
  • Live Edge Slabs
    Live edge slabs make beautiful and unique surfaces of all kinds.
  • Pricebook
    The pricing is ala carte. We do as much or as little as you want.

Our Work

Advanced Vacuum Kiln Drying Of Lumber
Bandsaw Sawmill Gets The Most From Your Logs
Sustainably Harvested  Live Edged Wood Slab
We produce a variety of Millwork